SOP for Changeovers Carried Out in Manufacturing and Packing Area : Pharmaguideline

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SOP for Changeovers Carried Out in Manufacturing and Packing Area

Standard operating procedure to carry out the batch to batch and product to product changeover in production area and equipment’s


To lay down the Procedure for Changeovers carried out in Manufacturing and Packing area.


This SOP shall be applicable to the Batch to Batch and Product to Product Changeovers carried out for area and equipment’s in manufacturing & Packing area at Production department.


3.1 Execution: Operator
3.2 Checking: Production Pharmacist & Above


HOD-Production / Assigned Designee



5.1.1 Batch to batch change over is change over from one batch of a product to another batch (next batch) of the same product in granulation, Compression, Coating & packing section.
5.1.2 For individual equipment, first ensure that the process of that batch on that particular equipment or area is complete, and the product is removed or has proceeded further for the next stage.
5.1.3 Remove the entire residual product like Granules, Fines, Tablets, and Strips etc. from the equipment and the area.
5.1.4 Remove the status label of the previous batch.
5.1.5 Clean the equipment with the dry clean lint free cloth, nylon brush and use vacuum as per the requirement.
5.1.6 Clean the accessory equipments like dust extractors and dehumidifiers in the area as per their respective SCP’s.
5.1.7 Affix the status label for the next batch. Get the area and the equipment certified by Q.A. person and record it on the batch document of the new batch to be processed.
5.1.8 Start the processing of the new batch.


5.2.1 Product change over is the changeover of the area and the equipments after processing of one Product and before starting the processing of another product. This is essential to avoid the contamination of previous product into the new product to be processed in Manufacturing and Packing sections.

5.2.2 STATUS LABELLING FOR AREA & EQUIPMENTS Remove the product label / in process label from the equipment and area. Affix ‘To Be Cleaned’ Label to equipment and to the area. Remove the previous processed product from the area for storage or further processing. Remove the entire residual product like granules, fines, tablets, strips, etc from the equipment and the area. Clean the equipments and the area as per their respective Standard Cleaning Procedures. Clean the return filters of AHU’s. Raise the intimation for swab analysis to Quality Control Department. The Q.A person shall take the swab of the equipments from the specified area as per the standard operating procedure, by using the specified solvents and swab samples should not be hold exceeding the hold time period. The area cleanliness shall be certified by Q.A. person by visual inspection of the area. The results of Swab Test shall be informed to production department on the pink copy of the Technical Information Sheet. After receiving clearance form Q.A, affix ‘Cleaned’ status label to the area & equipment. In case of compression m/c if the m/c is not used within one shift, apply thin layer of food grade oil to the turret to prevent rusting, and affixed “To be Cleaned” label. Before taking the m/c for compression take the swab. The results of Swab Test shall be informed to production department on the pink copy of the Technical Information Sheet. After the receipt of the clearance from Q.A. assembling of the equipment can be started. Affix the status label and start the operation. Mentioned the status of the equipment / process in the remarks column of Equipment Log Book.


5.3.1 Before the end of the shift the machine is to be stopped & ensure the cleaning of the machine & accessories by wiping with a dry lint-free cloth.
5.3.2 Ensure cleaning of in-process area & disinfectant solution poured in the respective drains.
5.3.3 All the in-process containers will be properly closed & affixed with the Under process label mentioning the status.
5.3.4 The same should be entered in the Equipment log book.
• At the start of the shift ensure the cleaning of in process equipments, if the batch is continued for more than one shift.
• If the same product is continued for more than 3 days then cleaning of equipments & area as per respective SCP & take line clearance from Q.A. Department.
• Complete cleaning of the area & equipments after three batches (For Batch to Batch) & after every batch (For Product to Product). Take Clearance of Q. A. department before work start.
• Mentioned the type of cleaning as:
Type A: Product to Product change over.
Type B: Batch to Batch change over.
Type C: Shift end cleaning.


6.1 SOP: Standard Operating Procedure
6.2 Q.A.: Quality Assurance
6.3 HOD: Head of The Department
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