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Pharmacy as a Career

As a career, pharmacy is one of the most highly regarded in the world and has seen enormous changes throughout the years.
As a career, pharmacy is one of the most highly regarded in the world and has seen enormous changes throughout the years. Typically, when people hear the word "pharmacist," they get an antiquated image of a person who puts drugs in bottles.

Pharmacists may have varied meanings in the future, depending on the context in which they interact with consumers. After these extraordinary developments, it is uncertain what the unifying foundation of the pharmacy profession will be, considering that pharmacists have so many diverse tasks.

The pharmacist's job has shifted from being product-oriented to patient-oriented. As a result, they are able to advise patients and physicians on the appropriate use of both prescription pharmaceuticals as well as over-the-counter drugs. When dispensing pharmaceuticals, pharmacists play a vital role in the healthcare team. They are responsible for ensuring that the dosages are safe and that there are no medication interactions that might have a harmful impact on the patient.

As part of their duties, pharmacists may also do health screenings, assist with blood pressure testing, administer vaccines, and make suggestions to patients regarding the most effective ways to utilize their medicine.

Working Conditions
Traditionally, pharmacists worked largely in community (retail) pharmacies, such as those located in grocery and pharmacy shops (and other retail outlets). A growing number of pharmacists are working in hospitals, physician's offices, and specialized clinics. Pharmacists work in a wide range of settings including emergency rooms and pediatric departments as well as cancer centers, critical care units, and poison control centers (e.g., nursing homes). In certain cases, pharmacists are employed by the government or the armed forces. Generally, they spend a large part of their job standing up.

Academic Requirements
According to the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, 144 colleges and schools of pharmacy will be accredited in 2020. Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degrees are awarded by pharmacy programs after completing at least six years of postsecondary education. If you want to practice pharmacy in the U.S., you'll need to pass a state board of pharmacy examination.

After completing two years of preprofessional (undergraduate) training, students must complete four academic years (or three calendar years) of professional study. Both pre-pharmacy and pharmacy colleges and schools accept students immediately from high school, or after they have completed the college course prerequisites. The majority of students entering a pharmacy program have completed three years of college. In order to receive the Pharm.D. degree, college graduates who enroll in a pharmacy program must finish the full4-year academic program (or 3-year calendar program). With the Pharmacy College Application Service (Pharm CAS), numerous schools can be applied to with one form.

Aspiring scientists can pursue a Master's or Ph.D. degree. A typical job path for graduates is research for a pharma business or teaching at an academic institution. It is estimated that in the 2019-2020 academic year, 84 pharmacy colleges provided Master of Science and/or Doctor of Philosophy degrees.

Residency programs or fellowships are further possibilities for Pharm.D. graduates interested in further study. These are post-graduate training programs that prepare pharmacists for the field of pharmacy practice. Ph.D. fellowships in pharmacy are highly personalized programs that equip participants to work in research laboratories after completing their training. pharmacists with a business degree are more likely to establish their own pharmacies (MBA).

Licensed pharmacists may opt to become board certified in one of the following areas of practice: Ambulatory Care, Cardiology, Compounded Sterile Preparations, Critical Care, Geriatric, Infectious Diseases, Nuclear, Nutrition Support Oncology, Pediatrics, Pharmacotherapy, and Psychiatry.

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Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of Pharmaceutical Guidelines, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since 2008. Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips.
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