How FDA Inspections are Conducted in Manufacturing Facilities : Pharmaguideline

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How FDA Inspections are Conducted in Manufacturing Facilities

Pharmaceutical companies have been required to comply with FDA inspections since the early 1990s.
Pharmaceutical companies have been required to comply with FDA inspections since the early 1990s. The goal of these inspections is to ensure that pharmaceuticals are safe and effective and to ensure that companies are following the regulations set forth by the FDA. This article takes a closer look at how FDA inspections are conducted, and what inspectors are looking for when conducting an inspection.

How FDA Inspections are Conducted

FDA inspections are conducted in pharmaceutical facilities to ensure the safety and quality of the drugs that are being manufactured. The inspection process begins with a pre-inspection questionnaire that is sent to the facility owner or designated representative. This questionnaire helps FDA determine the areas that need to be inspected. After the questionnaire has been completed, FDA sends a team of inspectors to conduct the inspection. During the inspection, the inspectors will look for any potential violations of drug safety and manufacturing regulations. If any violations are found, FDA will issue a report documenting the violations and make recommendations to correct them.

What to Expect During an FDA Inspection

When an inspection is scheduled, it is important to understand what will be inspected and by whom. The FDA inspects drug facilities to ensure that the drugs they produce are safe, effective and of the best quality possible.

The following is a list of who typically conducts FDA inspections:
-The FDA’s Field Office in the district where the facility is located
-The regional office responsible for the specific geographic area where the facility is located
-The FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)
-The Food and Drug Administration Laboratory (FDL), which conducts most of the nation’s high-volume testing
-The Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee (VMAC)

As you can see, not all inspections are conducted by one person or group. In fact, different groups may be conducting different parts of an inspection at the same time. This allows for a comprehensive inspection that takes into account all aspects of a facility’s operations.

Assuming that an inspection has been scheduled and you have received notice of the inspection date and time, you should begin preparing for it as soon as possible. The inspector will contact you to schedule a time for the inspection, and you will need to provide them with a list of the items that will be inspected.

The inspector will be looking at a variety of things during the inspection, but some of the most common items that will be inspected are:
-The facility’s manufacturing processes
-The quality control procedures that are in place
-The facility’s records and documentation
-The physical plant layout and conditions
-The equipment used in production
-The facility’s sanitation system

What Inspectors Look for During an Inspection

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for ensuring that all pharmaceuticals are safe and effective. During an inspection, FDA inspectors will look for any violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). These violations can include safety issues with the drug product, incorrect labeling, and failure to follow good manufacturing practices.

FDA inspectors will also look for any evidence of illegal activity or fraud. This includes anything that could suggest that someone is trying to circumvent the regulations governing pharmaceuticals. For example, inspectors may be looking for evidence of counterfeit products or improper marketing plans.

Inspectors will document their findings during an inspection, and they may recommend corrective action. If there are serious safety concerns, the inspector may recommend that the product be recalled.

How to Correct Any Violations Found During an Inspection

In pharmaceutical facilities, FDA inspections are a regular occurrence to ensure the safe and effective production of prescription medications. While any violation could result in a fine or product recall, here are four common mistakes that facility operators make and how to correct them.

1. Failure to properly store, handle, and label drugs
Drugs must be stored in a safe and secure environment that is free from contamination. They should also be properly labeled to ensure accurate dosing. Improper storage can lead to accidental exposure of drugs to moisture or other contaminants, which can cause them to become ineffective or even dangerous.

2. Failing to properly clean and sanitize equipment and surfaces
Equipment and surfaces need to be cleaned and sanitized on a regular basis in order to prevent the spread of infection. This includes areas where drugs are prepared and dispensed, as well as areas where patients may come into contact with the medications.

3. Inadequate security measures
Security is essential in protecting patients and employees from potential harm. Facilities must have effective measures in place to protect against theft, unauthorized access, and other accidents.

4. Failing to follow good manufacturing practices (GMPs)
GMPs are regulations designed to ensure the quality of prescription medications. They require facilities to use specific methods for manufacturing products, including testing for safety and efficacy before release into the market. If violations are found, the facility may face fines or product recalls.


Pharmaceutical facilities must comply with a series of FDA regulations in order to maintain their approval to manufacture, process and sell drugs. These regulations are designed to protect the public from unsafe drug products, and ensure that pharmaceuticals are produced using sound manufacturing practices.

FDA inspections typically focus on specific areas of concern, such as documentation of adverse event reporting; processes for detecting and correcting errors during product development; controls for manufacturing contaminants; Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) compliance involving recordkeeping, Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) programs and corrective actions taken when violations occur.
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Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since 2008. Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips.
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