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Artificial Respiration and Resuscitation Methods

An artificial breathing technique is used when natural breathing has stopped or has faltered.
An artificial breathing technique is used when natural breathing has stopped or has faltered. When used properly, such strategies can help prevent some drownings, chokings, strangulations, suffocations, carbon monoxide poisonings, and electric shocks. Artificial respiration is necessary to resuscitate a patient in two main ways:
  • It is crucial for the upper respiratory tract (mouth, throat, pharynx) and the lungs to have an open channel.
  • During the beating of the heart, oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in the terminal air sacs of the lungs. For these efforts to succeed, they must begin as soon as possible and continue until the victim begins to breathe again.
Various methods were once used to artificially inflate the lungs, most of which were force-based methods.

Artificial respiration: Different methods

Sylvester's method and Schaffer's method are two important artificial respiration methods.

Schaffer’s Method

This method requires that the victim lie on his belly with one arm reaching directly overhead while the other is bent at the elbow. The victim's face rests on the forearm and extended towards the ceiling. It is possible to breathe in this position with both mouth and nose open. The doctor kneels on the patient's waist and places his hand on the patient's groin. To induce expiration, the doctor will bend forward and apply pressure, pushing the abdominal viscera to achieve the necessary pressure. An exhalation that pushes forward is followed by an inspiration that bends backwards. Approximately three seconds pass during expiration and two seconds pass during inspiration, according to rough calculations. It has some advantages such as the fact that it is performed in the prone position, which makes draining the abdomen and lungs very easy. It is an extremely simple method that is non-tiring and it can be repeated for a long period of time. Basically, the thorax or the back can be treated with this method if there are injuries. This method has the disadvantage that inspiration occurs passively and expiration occurs actively, both of which are not physiological. Injuries in the abdomen cannot be treated with this method.

Sylvester's method

A stomach-down position in which your head is fully extended and a pillow placed under your shoulders. During this procedure, doctors kneel near the head of a patient to perform this procedure. In order to inspire the patient, the doctor bends over and pulls up the patient's arms. A hand is placed deep on the chest of the patient as the doctor bends forward, causing them to exhale. During this method, inspiration should last for three seconds before expiring after two seconds. This method provides excellent ventilation so long as inspiration and expiration are active. The lungs are not able to drain water using this method. A patient in the supine position is not appropriate for this method in cases of drowning. Due to this method's exhausting nature, assistance may be required. Also, if the chest or ribs are fractured, this cannot be applied.

Mouth to mouth respiration

Among the best artificial breathing methods, this is one. When this method is used, the doctor kneels near the neck of the patient and observes him from the side. To facilitate the patient's neck's full extension, a pillow is placed below the patient's shoulder. The physician covers the patient's mouth with a handkerchief and closes the patient's nostrils with the left hand. Then, the physician will blow expired air into the patient's mouth in order to elevate the patient's oxygen level. Passive expiration occurs when the mouth is removed. This method results in better ventilation because it stimulates the respiratory system of the patient by using expired air containing carbon dioxide.

Artificial respiration machine

The artificial ventilator is known as a breathing machine, in addition to being a breathing machine. A patient who requires breathing assistance may use this type of machine to assist the lungs. A ventilator works by releasing air into the lungs, thus maintaining a bloodstream that is oxygen-rich. A mechanical ventilator can only be used by medical personnel if they are able to reach the patient's lungs. The intubation procedure involves inserting a tube into the nose or mouth and reaching the lungs. One of the options is a tracheostomy, a tube inserted into the opening along the trachea.

Artificial breathing devices

Depending on the symptoms and condition of the patient, different types of artificial breathing devices are used to treat respiratory diseases. Artificial respiration devices include:
  • CPAP
  • Humidifiers
  • Chest compression system
  • Oxygen delivery devices
  • Nebulizers
  • Oxygen regulator
  • CPR Pocket mask
  • CPR devices
  • Oxygen flowmeters and selector valves
  • Oxygen fittings
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Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of Pharmaceutical Guidelines, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since 2008. Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips.
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