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Alcohol & their carbamate derivatives: Meprobamate, Ethchlorvynol

Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in the world. It’s legal and it’s accepted in many social situations.

Alcohol

Alcohol: the social lubricant
  • Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in the world. It’s legal and it’s accepted in many social situations.
  • Most people drink alcohol in social situations.
  • Alcohol can lead to dangerous behaviors.
  • People who drink too much can end up getting into fights, driving drunk, or even dying.
  • It can also cause dehydration, and it can be addictive.

Carbamates

A carbamate is a chemical that is used to kill insects or pests.

Carbamates work by disrupting the insect's nervous system, and they are usually very effective at killing them.

Meprobamate

Meprobamate is one of the most well-known Carbamate derivatives of alcohols, it was once widely prescribed as a muscle relaxant, but has since been largely replaced by other medications.



Important things to know about Meprobamate
1. Meprobamate is a medication used to treat anxiety and nervousness.
2. Meprobamate should not be taken with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants.
3. Meprobamate may interact with some specific medications, so it is important to consult a doctor before taking it.
Meprobamate is a popular medication used to treat anxiety and nervousness by exerting a calming effect on the central nervous system. However, it is important to use this medication only as directed by a healthcare professional, as it can be habit-forming and should not be used by people who are also taking alcohol or other central nervous system depressants.

Meprobamate

Chemical Classification: Meprobamate is classified as an alcohol carbamate.

Molecular Formula: C11H17NO2

Melting Point: 168-170 degrees Celsius

Boiling Point: 290 degrees Celsius at 0.01 mm Hg

Density: 1.24 g/cm3

However, meprobamate is less potent and has a shorter duration of action than barbiturates.

Meprobamate Uses
Meprobamate was once widely prescribed as a muscle relaxant and a sedative-hypnotic drug.

Meprobamate overdose
An overdose of meprobamate can be fatal. Symptoms of a meprobamate overdose include seizures, drowsiness, confusion, weak or shallow breathing, and fainting.

Meprobamate: Side Effects
The most common side effects of meprobamate are
  • Drowsiness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Constipation
Meprobamate can also cause seizures, coma, and death in high doses.

Ethchlorvynol as an Alcohol carbamate derivative:

Ethchlorvynol has a molecular weight of 191.7 grams and a boiling point of 172 degrees Celsius. It is used as a sedative and hypnotic agent.

Ethchlorvynol is a derivative of alcohol.

Ethchlorvynol is contraindicated in patients with chronic respiratory disease, hepatic impairment, and in those taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

Ethchlorvynol can cause respiratory depression, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, and blurred vision.

It can also interact with other medications to produce serious adverse effects.

Ethchlorvynol Experimental Properties:
Molecular Formula: C8H11ClO
Molecular Weight: 191.7 g/mol
Boiling Point: 172 °C
Flash Point: 78 °C
Solubility: Soluble in water and alcohol
Appearance: Colorless, volatile liquid with a slightly sweet taste.

Ethchlorvynol Warnings:
1. Ethchlorvynol is a central nervous system depressant and can cause respiratory depression, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, and blurred vision.
2. Do not use ethchlorvynol if you have chronic respiratory disease, hepatic impairment, or are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
3. Ethchlorvynol can interact with other medications to produce serious adverse effects.
4. Keep ethchlorvynol out of the reach of children and pets.

Ethchlorvynol Overdose:
If someone has consumed ethchlorvynol in excessive quantity and tends to pass out or feel difficulty in breathing, it is necessary to see a doctor immediately otherwise, it could lead to death.

Symptoms of ethchlorvynol overdose include:
1. Respiratory depression
2. Dizziness
3. Headache
4. Nausea
5. Vomiting
6. Blurred vision
7. Slurred speech
8. Confusion
9. Coma
10. Death
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Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of Pharmaceutical Guidelines, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since 2008. Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips.
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