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Aldehyde & Their Derivatives: Triclofos sodium, Paraldehyde

Aldehydes are named after the corresponding alcohols, which have the ending -ol. So, for example, the aldehyde corresponding to ethanol is ethanal.

Aldehyde

  • Aldehydes are named after the corresponding alcohols, which have the ending -ol.
  • So, for example, the aldehyde corresponding to ethanol is ethanal.
  • Aldehydes are essential intermediates in many chemical reactions.
For example, in biochemistry, aldehydes are used to form ketones, which are necessary for the metabolism of fats and proteins.
  • Acetaldehyde, produced when the body metabolizes alcohol, is also harmful.
  • The carbonyl group is a carbon-oxygen double bond.
  • Aldehydes are named after the corresponding alcohols, which have the ending -ol. For example, the aldehyde corresponding to ethanol is ethanal.
  • Acetaldehyde, produced when the body metabolizes alcohol, is also harmful.

Uses of aldehyde

  • The most common use of aldehydes is in the manufacture of plastics. In this process, an aldehyde reacts with propylene to form a polypropylene plastic.
  • Another use of aldehydes is as solvents. Acetaldehyde, for example, is a solvent used in the manufacturing of drugs and pesticides.
  • Aldehydes can also be used as disinfectants. Formaldehyde, for example, is used to sterilize medical equipment.
  • Finally, aldehydes can be used as dyes or pigments. For example, benzaldehyde is used to give blue color to ink and cosmetics.

Functions of aldehyde

  • Aldehydes have a wide variety of functions in the body. For example, they are involved in the metabolism of fats and proteins, and they are also needed to synthesize certain hormones and enzymes.
  • Aldehydes also play a role in immune function and the regulation of cell growth.
  • Aldehydes are also used to manufacture plastics, solvents, disinfectants, and dyes.
  • Acetaldehyde, for example, is produced when the body metabolizes alcohol, and it is highly toxic.
  • Benzaldehyde is another toxic aldehyde that can cause liver damage.
  • Aldehydes are also flammable and should be handled with care.
  • Some aldehydes, such as formaldehyde and benzaldehyde, are classified as carcinogens, meaning that they can cause cancer.
  • Other aldehydes, such as acetaldehyde, can cause damage to the cells and may be mutagenic, meaning that they can cause genetic mutations.
  • Aldehydes should be handled with care and should not be ingested or inhaled. They should also be kept away from flames and heat sources.

Derivatives of aldehyde

  • Aldehydes can be converted into alcohols by the addition of water. This process is called hydrolysis.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into ketones by adding potassium hydroxide. This process is called oxidation.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into esters by adding alcohol. This process is called esterification.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into amines by the addition of ammonia. This process is called aminolysis.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into imines by adding an amine. This process is called imine formation.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into thioamides by the addition of thiols. This process is called thioamide formation.
  • Aldehydes can also be converted into carboxylic acids by adding carbon dioxide. This process is called decarboxylation.

Reactions of aldehyde

  • Aldehydes undergo many different types of reactions.
  • They can react with water to form alcohol or react with potassium hydroxide to form ketones.
  • Finally, aldehydes can react with carbon dioxide to form carboxylic acids.

Triclofos sodium

  • Triclofos sodium is a pesticide that contains the aldehyde triclopyr.
  • It is used to kill unwanted plants by damaging their cell membranes.
  • Triclopyr is also effective against insects and can be used to control pests in crops.
  • Triclopyr is a contact pesticide, meaning that it must come into direct contact with the target organism to be effective.
  • Triclopyr is available as a liquid, a granular formulation, or an aerosol.
  • It can be applied by spraying, broadcasting, or dribbling.
  • It is also a suspected carcinogen and should be handled with care.
  • Triclopyr is effective against a wide range of plants, including grasses, weeds, shrubs, and trees.
  • It is most commonly used to control weeds in agricultural areas.
  • Triclopyr is available in many countries worldwide.
  • Triclopyr is an aldehyde and contains the functional group -CHO.

Paraldehyde


  • Paraldehyde is a clear, colorless liquid with a bitter taste.
  • It is soluble in water and miscible with most organic solvents.
  • Paraldehyde is used as a sedative and hypnotic drug.
  • It is also used as an anticonvulsant, anesthetic, and antispasmodic.
  • Paraldehyde is a central nervous system depressant and can cause drowsiness, dizziness, and impaired coordination.
  • It is available as an injection or in tablets, capsules, or liquids.
  • It should also be used with caution in people with liver or kidney disease.
  • Paraldehyde is an aldehyde and contains the functional group -CHO.
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Ankur Choudhary is India's first professional pharmaceutical blogger, author and founder of Pharmaceutical Guidelines, a widely-read pharmaceutical blog since 2008. Sign-up for the free email updates for your daily dose of pharmaceutical tips.
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